Pondera County was officially created by the Sixteenth Session of the Montana Legislative Assembly on April 1, 1919.  It was formed by taking parts of Chouteau and Teton Counties, and given the county seat of Conrad, MT.

Local folklore claims that the name “Pondera” comes from the French word “Pend d’Oreille”, which means hangingearring or “pain d’or”, which means golden bread, as many of the native grasses in the area are a golden color.  Coincidentally, Pondera County is also known for wheat production.  To this day, wheat production is the primary industry in the area.